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Raoul Dufy : A feast of color that feels like an orchestra

Last May, I went to the French National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art in Yeouido



The exhibition was by French painter 'Raoul Dufy'. This exhibition was a large-scale exhibition co-hosted by the French National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Hyundai Department Store, and G&S Media and officially sponsored by the French Embassy in Korea. A special exhibition was planned by selecting 130 national-class works in the exhibition of "'Raoul Dufy," a great artist representing the 20th century, and the chief curator of the Pompidou Center, Christian Briain, participated as the general director of the exhibition planning.

'Raoul Dufy’ was born in Le Havre, northwestern France. Born the eldest of nine children from a poor musician family, he worked as a coffee import clerk at age 14 and studied painting at the Le Havre Municipal School of Art at night. His early works tended to be close to the paintings of Claude Monet and Eugene Boutin. In 1905, under the influence of Matisse, he switched to Fauvism and began producing paintings featuring intense colors and thick black outlines. He said, "Seeing this painting, I was able to grasp the true meaning of drawing. If I look at this painting, which is called a really amazing invention, the charm of impressionist realism flies away without a trace." After that, the reader's style of painting was established by bright colors and cheerful rhythms. Attracted by Cubism in 1908, he approached the Cézanne style of painting, and began working with fashion designer Paul Poiret in 1910, producing numerous fabrics. After the WW1, they also made stage and pottery. During the Paris Universal Exposition in 1937, he painted a mural for the electric pavilion. An homage to modern science and technology, he painted a historical panorama showing the development of science by decorating the walls of one of the most important buildings at the fair, the Power Construction. In addition, he performed decorative arts such as tapisserie and stained glass, won the International Grand Prize at the 1952 Venice Biennale, and died in 1953. He wanted to passionately express "the festival of light and color" with bright and bright colors instead of dark sides of life throughout his life. "My eyes are meant to erase the ugly from birth."


The material of his work was diverse, full of pleasant and lovely colors. The only work that could be filmed in the exhibition was "La Fée Eléctricité” Figure shows the process of electricity generation and commercialization over time from right to left. At the bottom, historical figures who have achieved electricity generation are expressed, and at the top, the resulting changes in life are expressed. It is a work that depicts the process of electricity being born in the beginning, being discovered and developed by people, and bringing life to the city. In the case of the original work at the Paris Museum of Art, 250 plywood were added to complete a huge mural, and the biographical elements introduced in the more modern exhibition are a series of lithographs, and Raoul Dufy's artwork is said to be highly valued for its artistic value. It was a work that vividly felt the passion of Raoul Dufy. In the upper right corner of the painting, the sun, the first light toward humans, appears with a landscape of clouds slowly clearing through the darkness among storms and dark clouds. Then there are three philosophers side by side. Among them, the person in the middle is Thales. Thales was a person who discovered static electricity while rubbing amber (jewel) as decorative material on fur around 550 B.C. The Greek word for amber means Alexon, and the word "Electricity" was born with the meaning of power. Pumpkin is a combination of other substances that hardens the resin flowing out of the tree. Eventually, the first electricity was discovered in nature, and the latter began the history of electricity in the form of nature and Thales. Then, the agricultural society and the country unfold, and people live their lives with various tools. As academics developed in the 18th century, the era of intelligence opened, and Benjamin Franklin, a politician and inventor, invented a lightning rod through experiments, and Jacques de Lomas, a French physicist who listened to his opinion, also proved lightning using a kite wound around a copper wire on a stormy day in 1753. The man standing in brown pants in the electric fairy is Benjamin Franklin, the man holding the electric copper wire with one hand behind him, and the man holding the hat with the other is Jacques de Lomas. In the trend leading to modern times, human civilization continued to develop from towering industrial complexes, trains, and battle towers, and the name was written around the person below it, so it was immediately known who it was. You can see the six gods in the center of the painting, Dionysus, Apollo, Athena, Zeus, Hera, Aphrodite. Sitting in the Temple of Olympus, looking down on the human world. The lightning, which symbolizes Zeus, flashes and hits the ground, below which is a thermal power plant located near Paris. In the way that electricity, a natural phenomenon, was discovered by people, and gradually gaining theory, it was possible to find a direction that brought the mythical electricity to reality. Among the huge machines in the thermal power plant, you can see a small figure, who is said to symbolize that even the brilliant findings and developments of a power plant worker cannot be utilized in our lives without humans. The full-fledged industrial era has begun, and all historical figures related to electricity are drawn. The world, which is connected by large ships, railroads, and bridges, communicates with each other and leads to modern times. There are 110 people including Edison, Bell, Leonardo da Vinci, etc. Dufy finished the painting and featured a huge orchestra and choir to praise the development of science and academic technology. As an artist who grew up in a musician's family and had a different affection for music, he expresses the sound of each instrument in color by using different colors for each instrument.

Raoul Dufy painted works with a fantastic atmosphere, reminiscent of the orchestra's music resonating through the airwaves throughout the world with a spectrum of colorful colors. His sweet combination of colors left me ecstatic the whole time.

정영헌  jyh0731@naver.com

<저작권자 © 인하프레스, 무단 전재 및 재배포 금지>

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